Athens (Greek: Αθήνα, Athína), is the capital city of Greece with a metropolitan population of 3.7 million inhabitants. It is in many ways the birthplace of Classical Greece, and therefore, some may argue, of Western civilisation.
It is also birthplace of fields of study like science, philosophy, history, and medicine, developed for the first time by Athenian scholars in around 5th century BCE, the period known as Athens' “golden age”.
Because of its antiquity and influence, Athens is full of museums and galleries. The major ones are the National Archeological Museum, the Acropolis Museum, the Benaki and Museum of Cycladic Art, the Agora Museum, and the Kanellopoulos and Folk Art Museums.
A short day-trip away is Peloponnese. Originally a peninsula connected to the rest of the country by the Isthmus of Corinth, it is now cut off from the mainland by the narrow Corinth Canal, spanned by bridges connecting Peloponnese to Attica across the canal.
From the 6th to the 3rd century BC, Sparta dominated the Peloponnese and it is also the home to Olympia, the birthplace of the Olympics.
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